A flood is an overflow of water that submerges land which is usually dry.The European Union (EU) Floods Directive defines a flood as a covering by water of land not normally covered by water.In the sense of “flowing water”, the word may also be applied to the inflow of the tide. Flooding may occur as an overflow of water from water bodies, such as a river or lake, in which the water overtops or breaks levees, resulting in some of that water escaping its usual boundaries, or it may occur due to an accumulation of rainwater on saturated ground in an areal flood.
What do you do when federal and state goals are at odds over a project within that state? What if the project itself is on federal land, but the work would affect large areas outside federal jurisdiction? Those are questions California and federal officials are arguing now in relation to
CULTEC specializes in providing chambers for stormwater management and manufactures chambers that adhere to strict standards. The Recharger 902HD chamber is a 48-inch-tall, ultra-high-capacity chamber that has been designed and tested in accordance with ASTM F2787 “Standard Practice for Structural Design of Thermoplastic Corrugated Wall Stormwater Collection Chambers.” Following rigorous
By Uki Dele
Asset management (AM) is a popular management strategy for maintaining the level of service for water and wastewater systems. These systems have clearly defined services and objectives and have been tested and regulated for much longer than stormwater systems. Compared to wastewater, stormwater less frequently receives direct treatment to remove
When perspectives on sea level rise are considered, they might easily take on the glass-half-empty or glass-half-full analogy. For many, the glass is half empty and spells doom for thriving municipalities, helplessly sinking into the sea—reminiscent of the cinematic moment in which Charlton Heston finds the Statue of Liberty submerged
Columbia, SC, sits at a point just north and east of the headwaters of the Congaree River. It is here that the Saluda and the Broad Rivers converge to form the Congaree, which spreads broadly across a wide span of relatively shallow rapids as if designed by nature to accept
Last August, the National Hurricane Center unveiled changes to its warning system. For the first time, it began issuing watches and warnings specifically for storm surges ahead of a predicted hurricane. That was in addition to its usual practice of issuing warnings for high-winds, which do not necessarily correspond to