Topsoil is the upper, outermost layer of soil, usually the top 2 inches (5.1 cm) to 8 inches (20 cm). It has the highest concentration of organic matter and microorganisms and is where most of the Earth’s biological soil activity occurs. It also houses many organisms.
Engineered soil: it sounds like a new concept, but one historical record notes it is more than 1,000 years old. In the sixth century AD, a group of ascetic monks left the lush, green mainland of Ireland seeking a new, remote environment to practice their dedication and humility. Braving the
LIVING ON A CANAL LOSES SOME of its luster when the canal banks collapse into the water, taking part of the yard and maybe the fence or a dock with it.
The hydroseeding machine and the crew may be the same as last month or last year, but every job is different. Each project has its own variables—tricky slopes, tight timelines, rain that just won’t quit, and more. Finding the right combination of seeds, mulch, and other ingredients so that soil
There are few more compelling images of the American adventure than those of the Old West. Whether depicted in fiction, photos, film, or ballads, they celebrate the heyday when gold, copper, and silver were king. While many succeeded but most just found high prices, disappointment, and hard work, the allure
Operating a successful business often requires diversifying to meet changing needs. Mike Kachur, the owner of Kachur Tree Service in Niles, MI, has learned to turn challenges into opportunities. His company provides site clearing, among other services. Initially, the company’s services generated so much waste, Kachur tired of trying to
By Lori Lovely
Large excavators are used when there is a large volume of material that has to be dug out and loaded into trucks, states Dave Donneral, specialized machinery sales manager for Kobelco. They can also lift or move large items in situations where a crane would not be usable and can
While skeptics may scoff, ardent followers believe a palm reader can examine your hand and reveal personal characteristics. But a visit to your local landfill (certainly a less mystical venture) is a revealing exercise of another kind that leaves little guesswork about your community.
Geosynthetics often play a starring role in a variety of applications: drainage, cellular confinement systems, green roofs, pond liners, covers for closed and capped landfills, and reinforcement for retaining walls, among others.