Vegetation is assemblages of plant species and the ground cover they provide. It is a general term, without specific reference to particular taxa, life forms, structure, spatial extent, or any other specific botanical or geographic characteristics. It is broader than the term flora which refers to species composition. Perhaps the closest synonym is plant community, but vegetation can, and often does, refer to a wider range of spatial scales than that term does, including scales as large as the global. Primeval redwood forests, coastal mangrove stands, sphagnum bogs, desert soil crusts, roadside weed patches, wheat fields, cultivated gardens and lawns; all are encompassed by the term vegetation.
Permeable products have gone mainstream as cities struggle to manage stormwater and create aesthetically pleasing spaces. As more project designers and owners understand the value of permeable products, the industry has responded by providing a variety of types and designs. The products are available in a mixture of colors and
When perspectives on sea level rise are considered, they might easily take on the glass-half-empty or glass-half-full analogy. For many, the glass is half empty and spells doom for thriving municipalities, helplessly sinking into the sea—reminiscent of the cinematic moment in which Charlton Heston finds the Statue of Liberty submerged
Columbia, SC, sits at a point just north and east of the headwaters of the Congaree River. It is here that the Saluda and the Broad Rivers converge to form the Congaree, which spreads broadly across a wide span of relatively shallow rapids as if designed by nature to accept
The trouble with stormwater runoff is that it travels along the ground surface and over pavement, picking up sediment and other contaminants as it goes. A well-designed surface water runoff collection and drainage system will funnel runoff from relatively large areas into individual collection points such as inlets and drains
An adult elephant can drink up to 50 gallons of water at a time. Keep reading to see why that might be relevant.
We often talk about the effects of prolonged drought: The loss of trees and vegetation it causes, the resulting erosion and dust, the drinking water shortages—some drastic,
While skeptics may scoff, ardent followers believe a palm reader can examine your hand and reveal personal characteristics. But a visit to your local landfill (certainly a less mystical venture) is a revealing exercise of another kind that leaves little guesswork about your community.
It’s easy to assume that with sophisticated computer simulations, wireless monitoring, and engineered materials, we’ve conquered water management, but a look into our past might just dampen this hubris. When it comes to erosion control, everything old (really is) new again.
Stormwater runoff from impervious surfaces is causing devastating effects on the landscape of our developing watersheds. We are disrupting the natural hydrological cycle that supports our potable water supplies and natural fauna. Intentional stormwater infiltration can restore that cycle. However, the lack of awareness and the perceived lack of data